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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 437-441

Propofol–midazolam versus propofol–dexmedetomidine as a deep sedation for endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreaticoduodenoscopy

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Doaa G Diab
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/bmfj.bmfj_147_18

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Background Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreaticoduodenoscopy (ERCP) is a day procedure for diagnostic or therapeutic biliary problems. Many kinds of sedation are used to provide patients comfort and facilitate work. Propofol and midazolam is the preferred cocktail. Dexmedetomidine with sedo-analgesic properties makes it another suitable regimen. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of adding either midazolam or dexmedetomidine to propofol for procedural sedation during ERCP. Patients and methods This study was conducted in Mansoura University Hospitals, Gastroenterology Center. A total of 84 patients (40–80 years), American Society of Anesthesiologist II, III, and IV scheduled for ERCP were randomly allocated into two groups: the PM group received propofol–midazolam and the group PD received propofol–dexmedetomidine. Heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, and SpO2 were recorded at basal, intraoperative, postanesthesia care unit (PACU), till discharge. O2 desaturation, total dose of propofol, intraoperative complications, patients, and surgeon satisfaction were recorded. Results Heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure showed a significant reduction in group D compared with group M. Onset of deep sedation shows a significant reduction in group D versus group M. Recovery time and onset of discharge from the postanesthesia care unit shows statistically significant prolongation in group D versus group M. The total dose of propofol, intraoperative complications and also surgeon and patient satisfaction were comparable. Conclusion Administration of 1-μg/kg loading dose of dexmedetomidine or midazolam 1 mg intravenous, followed by intravenous propofol (1 mg/kg) and then 10 mg increments can produce an effective and smooth sedation without causing hemodynamic or respiratory side effects. So, dexmedetomidine could be an important alternative to midazolam for sedation in ERCP and other short procedures.

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